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The province of Safi

The ups and downs of Safi's history are closely linked to its port vocation.
Phoenician counter, according to the geographer Ptolemy, probably frequented by the Romans later, the name Asfi appears in Arabic writings from the XNUMXth century.

With Safi Hadirat al Mouhit or City of the surrounding sea, according to Ibn Khaldoun's expression, Safi ensured, as the port of the capital Marrakech of the Almohad empire in the XNUMXth century, direct relations with Andalusia and presented in the form of a highly urbanized space, endowed in particular with important fortifications and a large central mosque.

Made up of two urban entities, the city was enriched, in the 15th century, by a medersa, built by Aboul Hassan Al Marini, a bimaristan (hospital) and many other institutions, a qaysaria, a mohtasseb, as and as Safi established itself as a place of important exchanges that traded with Genoa, Seville and Marseille. In the XNUMXth century, Safi opened up to European trade.

Popular Arts

Several types of popular music are found in the province of Safi

Andalusian music and Malhoune
This music of Andalusian origin was introduced to Safi by emigrants coming either from Andalusia or from Fez or Salé. Of religious inspiration, it is mainly performed on the occasion of marriage or religious ceremonies.
The rhythmic and melodic structure of Malhoune recalls Andalusia of which it is a derivative. She expresses joy, happiness, love, human suffering and pain in poetry.
The Safi music conservatory, founded in 1968, ensures the continuity of melodic art in the city of Safi where music has always shone through its richness.

Al Aïta
Al Aita is a form of popular music that tells of nostalgia, longings and pleasures like pains. It is a fact of society, a rallying cry, a sigh of love or a lament.
There is in Safi a special Aita called Haçba whose character is sad and secret.
Ayouts are often sung by a mixed group of men and women (the Chikhates). In the event that these are absent, one of the men in the group dons female clothes and imitates the voice and dance of the women.

Nature & adventure experience

Angling or casting
The entire coast of the region is dotted with splendid beaches, rocky plateaus and surprising cliffs. Angling or casting occupy a special place for amateurs. Sar, wolf and conger eel abound along the coasts. The gilthead seabream is fished from April until November. Underwater fishing is practiced along the coast.

Nautical sports
Thanks to the rolls of the Atlantic and the favorable winds, Safi offers a variety of water activities: sailing, windsurfing, water skiing, scuba diving and pedal boats.
Near Safi, Cap Beddouza, the beach of
lalla Fatna located about fifteen kilometers and the magnificent beach of Souiria
Lakdima, offer exceptional spaces for the practice of surfing, water skiing and scuba diving. An international surfing competition: the Billabong is held every year in Safi.
The National Sailing Center, the first of its kind in Africa and the Arab world, is located on the site of Safi beach. It offers optimal conditions for the preparation of high level athletes and contributes to the development of competitive sailing in Morocco.

The pleasure of surfers
Surfing has become a very fashionable sport in Morocco. Many foreigners come to Safi in particular to take advantage of the temperate Atlantic and Mediterranean climate. The region offers surfers the best conditions to make the most of the beauty of its waves.
Safi is a "spot" ranked among the ten best straight in the world. Fast and powerful, it unwinds a long straight wave forming a continuous tube and offering thrills for surfers and bodyboarders.

Historic Monuments

In the old town, food and craft stalls line the rue du Souq. Nearby, the National Museum of Ceramics is housed in another fort built by the Portuguese. The centerpieces of the collection are the decorated pottery of the region, created in the workshops of the Colline des Potiers

The medina and the rue du Souk
To discover and appreciate the beauty of the old medina, it is pleasant to take the boulevard along the seafront from the Independence Square, to reach the rue du Souk. This street is in fact the main artery of the medina which crosses the city on both sides to Bab Chaâba.
The multiple stalls that line this long narrow street alone concentrate all the commercial activity of the medina.

The Sea Castle (Ksar El Bhar)
This "Castle of the Sea" built by the Portuguese in the 15th century was for some time the seat of the governor.
It served as a fortress to defend and protect the northern entrance to the old port, the city and the Governor's Residence.
It was completely restored in 1963.
Its large monumental door opens onto the, or place of arms, where you can admire a dozen old Spanish and Dutch cannons pointed towards the ocean.
And you can enjoy a panoramic view of the sea, the port and the old medina, from the southwest bastion of the Sea Castle.

The charm and interest of the place are justified by this architectural harmony combining buildings and buildings from different cultures and denominations (Christian, Muslim and Jewish).
Thus, once arrived at the height of the great mosque, a passage leads straight to the Portuguese chapel, built in 1519.
The building which still retains traces of the Manueline style is the heart of the cathedral of Safi.

The National Museum of Ceramics
The National Museum of Ceramics brings together an important collection of pottery and ceramic objects from Morocco. These archaeological and ethnographic objects come largely from the national museums of the FNM: Archaeological Museum of Tetouan, Museum of the Casbah in Tangier, Museum of History & Civilizations, and Museum of Oudayas in Rabat, Dar Jamaï of Meknes, Dar Si Said from Marrakech, and Al Batha from Fez. The collection has also been enriched by local acquisitions in the form of donations which come in particular from: the Municipality of Safi, some ceramists from Safi and a French collector living in Safi.

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